Prevention refers to the regulatory and physical measures that ensure emergencies are prevented, or their effects are mitigated.
Prevention measures are determined through a process of:
Risk assessments should be an important part of all government and community planning to ensure that communities are developed in a safe and appropriate manner.
NTES has developed a Guide to Disaster Risk Management in Northern Territory Aboriginal Communities that provides a step by step approach to risk assessment.
Some examples of prevention measures are:
- Building codes and cyclone shelters
- Flood road infrastructure such as bridges and culverts
- Fire breaks
- Land use planning
- Public education programs
- Enhanced warning systems